Friday, January 9, 2009

AS level chemistry practical (GCE)

A level chemistry practicals( GCE)
1. Titration -Acid base titration – Hcl AND NaOH
To determine the molarity of an unknown acid solution by titration using phenolphthalein as an indicator.
1M HCl solution
1M NaOH solution
Unknown HCl solution
Phenolphthalein indicator solution
Clean and dry the burets and beaker, and clamp the two burets to the ring stand. Fill one of the two burets with 1M HCl solution, and the other with the NaOH solution.
Use the buret to measure out 20 mL of HCl into an empty beaker. Add 2-3 drops of the indicator solution.

Titrate slowly with the NaOH solution, with constant swirling, until one single drop of NaOH causes a permanent pink color that does not fade onswirling. Record the volume of NaOH used.
Use the formula M1V1=M2V2 to determine the concentration of the NaOH solution. This solution may now be used to titrate the unknown acid sample.

Replace the buret containing the 1M HCl with the buret containing the HCl solution of unknown concentration. Refill the NaOH buret, and wash out the beaker.
Repeat the titration from steps 2-4 using 20 mL of the unknown acid solution to determine the concentration of the HCl solution.

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